I, 1983, Flora of Karnataka, Sharma B. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. see more; Family Magnoliaceae . Some protection may be needed from late winter frosts. The usually straight-grained wood has uniform texture with closely spaced rings. Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. It has dark green shiny leaves 3-6 in long and 2-4 in wide with brown undersides. The leafs are leathery, glossy, ovate shaped. Magnolia Magnolia. беларуская: Магнолія буйнакветкавая čeština: šácholan Deutsch: Immergrüne Magnolie English: southern magnolia français: Magnolia à grandes feuilles galego: Magnolio común magyar: Nagyvirágú liliomfa, örökzöld liliomfa 日本語: タイサンボク русский: Магнолия крупноцветковая The flowers are followed by attractive cones which hold the seeds. , Exceptionally large trees have been reported in the far southern United States. The most common magnolia grandiflora material is cotton. Magnolia grandiflora 'Exmouth' is: Evergreen. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. It is commonly called southern magnolia because of its prevalence in the South. Plants may become somewhat deciduous in hard winters. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista.  Squirrels, opossums, quail, and turkey are known to eat the seeds. , In the United States, southern magnolia, along with sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana) and cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), is commercially harvested. It had also come to France, the French having collected it in the vicinity of the Mississippi River in Louisiana.  Its use in the Southeastern United States has been supplanted by the availability of harder woods.. Photo Taken : … Magnolia grandiflora 'Gallissonniere' (Bull bay 'Gallissonniere') will reach a height of 20m and a spread of 10m after 20-50 Years. Botanical Name : Magnolia grandiflora: Family : Magnoliaceae: Bengali Name : Udoypoddo (উদয়পদ্ম), Heem chapa (হিমচাঁপা). F. This plant is a medium to tall growing evergreen plant. It is best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Flowers are fragrant. , Magnolia grandiflora can produce seed by 10 years of age, although peak seed production is achieved closer to 25 years of age. It is also known as 'Teddy Bear', This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 03:49. , It is often planted in university campuses and allowed to grow into a large tree, either with dependent branches, or with the lower branches removed to display the bare trunks. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 11, 633-634.  In the interior of the US, some of the cold-hardy cultivars have flourished as far north as northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio, where a sizable population exists. Although magnolias are most seen with white petals, some species come in pink, yellow or purple. 16 Liu, Y.-q. In climates where the ground freezes, winter sun appears to do more damage than the cold. It can take 10 years to flower. Evergreen magnolia 'Exmouth' Genus. 'Goliath' was developed by Caledonia Nurseries of Guernsey, and has a bushier habit and globular flowers of up to 30 cm (12 in) diameter. The large, showy, lemon citronella-scented flowers are white, up to 30 cm (11 3⁄4 in) across and fragrant, with six to 12 petals with a waxy texture, emerging from the tips of twigs on mature trees in late spring. Few trees can match Magnolia grandiflora’s stately elegance.  The foliage will bronze, blotch, and burn in severe winters at the northern limits of cultivation, especially when grown in full winter sun, but most leaves remain until they are replaced by new foliage in the spring. Reaching 27.5 m (90 ft) in height, it is a large, striking evergreen tree, with large dark green leaves up to 20 cm (7 3⁄4 in) long and 12 cm (4 3⁄4 in) wide, and large, white, fragrant flowers up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. 60, no 4, pages 390-390. The wood is ranked moderate in heaviness, hardness, and stiffness, and moderately low in shrinkage, bending, and compression strength; it is ranked moderately high in shock resistance. Two extremes are known, with leaves white underneath and with leaves brown underneath. Magnolia grandiflora 'Little Gem' This is a lovely tree which flowers from an early age, producing beautiful creamy white, saucer shaped flowers in spring and summer. With a vigorous classic pyramidal shape, this cultivar grows to 35 ft with a 15-ft spread. Magnolia grandiflora, or Southern Magnolia, is a large, broadleaf evergreen, medium-sized tree that is noted for its attractive dark green leaves and its large, extremely fragrant flowers.  It was glowingly described by Philip Miller in his 1731 work The Gardeners' Dictionary. Leaves are a classic glossy deep green colour with furry brown undersides forming a nice compact evergreen tree … 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report SO-16. Grows to H 10m x W 5m It is notable for its huge flowers, with up to 20 tepals, and vigorous growth. , In Florida, it is found in a number of different ecological areas that are typically shady and have well-draining soils; it is also found in hummocks, along ravines, on slopes, and in wooded floodplains. From the first hot days of summer large – 20-24 cm across, creamy white, strongly sweet-scented flowers are produced singly and continuously for 2 months or a little longer depending on plant’s age. The original tree sent to Edith A. Bogue from Florida helped to establish cold-hardy specimens in the Middle Atlantic states from Delaware to coastal Connecticut. Laurel magnolia, evergreen magnolia, large-flower magnolia or big laurel are alternative names.  There was a tradition of gifting cuttings or seedlings grown from the tree: Reagan gifted a cutting to his Chief of Staff Howard Baker upon his retirement, and Michelle Obama donated a seedling to the "people's garden" of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Farther north, few known long term specimens are found due to the severe winters, and/or lack of sufficient summer heat. The leafs are leathery, glossy, ovate shaped. Another record includes a 35-m-high specimen from the Chickasawhay District, De Soto National Forest, in Mississippi, which measured 17.75 ft in circumference at breast height, from 1961, and a 30-m-tall tree from Baton Rouge, which reached 18 ft in circumference at breast height. , Magnolia grandiflora (southern magnolia) – a large tree at Hemingway, South Carolina. Culture. M. grandiflora is the state tree of Mississippi and the state flower of Louisiana. , It is recommended for seashore plantings in areas that are windy but have little salt spray. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Farouk S. El-Feraly and Yee-Ming Chan, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March 1978, Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 347–350, 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193948A2291865.en, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200008470, http://bonap.net/MapGallery/County/Magnolia%20grandiflora.png, "Exclusive: Iconic White House tree to be cut down", "White House to cut back magnolia tree planted by Andrew Jackson", "Little Gem vs. Teddy Bear Magnolia Trees", United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_grandiflora&oldid=992413199, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. There are 203 magnolia grandiflora for sale on Etsy, and they cost $16.94 on average. , The plant collector Mark Catesby, the first in North America, brought M. grandiflora to Britain in 1726, where it entered cultivation and overshadowed M. virginiana, which had been collected a few years earlier. The seedpods are soft and scaled with bright red seeds eventually falling. Yang MH, Blunden G, Patel AV, O'Neill MJ and Lewis JA, Planta medica, 1994, vol. This beautiful dense tree usually forms a dome shape with dark green glossy leaves and brown velvety underside.  It typically has a single stem (or trunk) and a pyramidal shape.  The sesquiterpenes are known to be costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. Southern magnolia/Magnolia grandiflora L. In Southern fruit-producing woody plants used by wildlife. Southern magnolia has yellowish-white sapwood and light to dark brown heartwood tinted yellow or green. Genus Magnolia can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs, with large, showy, often fragrant flowers, often opening before the leaves, and sometimes followed by colourful cone-like fruit . Flowers of magnolia are large and snow white in color. 'Little Gem', a dwarf cultivar, is grown in more moderate climates, roughly from New Jersey, Maryland and the Virginias southward. He did not select a type specimen. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. The surname is a form of the male given name Magne, from Latin magnus. On the West Coast, it can be grown as far north as the Vancouver, B.C., Canada area, though cooler summers on the West Coast slow growth compared to the East Coast. Coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones from Magnolia grandiflora leaves. , Until early 2018, an iconic Southern Magnolia planted by President Andrew Jackson nearly 200 years ago grew near the South Portico of the White House. It is found on the edges of bodies of water and swamps, in association with sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), water oak (Quercus nigra), and black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Magnolia Grandiflora Ferruginea The Ferruginea Magnolia produces a large cup-shaped, fragrant, creamy white, flower which blooms during the early summer. Typically the large, leathery foliage is a dark glossy green with soft rust coloured under-felt. ALTA® is a gorgeous southern magnolia of dense habit and narrowly columnar, very elegant shape that looks like a candle flame. Common Name: Magnolia Exmouth Latin Name: Magnolia Grandiflora Soil: Moist Fertile, light well-drained acid to neutral Habit: Spreading Position: Sun, some wind protection Colour: large creamy white flowers, green leaves Hardiness: Fully hardy, some protection Eventual Height x … It has only single trunk. Magnolia grandiflora is a medium to large evergreen tree which may grow 120 ft (37 m) tall. Magnolia grandiflora is also grown in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America as well as parts of Asia. Botanical name. The timber is hard and heavy, and has been used commercially to make furniture, pallets, and veneer. They are dark green, stiff and leathery, and often scurfy underneath with yellow-brown pubescence. Common name: Bullbay tree, Evergreen Magnolia Latin: Magnolia grandiflora Height and spread in 20 years: 5 x 3 metres Flowers: Very large, bowl-shaped, creamy flowers Foliage: Dark-green, evergreen leaves provide year round interest Seasons of interest: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter Soil: Suited to free-draining sites and tolerant of all soil types Magnolia grandiflora is commonly called southern magnolia, although it grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10.  One of the earliest people to cultivate it in Europe was Sir John Colliton of Exeter in Devon; scaffolding and tubs surrounded his tree, where gardeners propagated its branches by layering, the daughter plants initially selling for five guineas each (but later falling to half a guinea). The national champion is a specimen in Smith County, Mississippi, that stands an incredible 37 m (121 ft). They have a beautiful substance, coloured a rich creamy white and oh the delicious fragrance. It has only single trunk. In 2017 it was decided on the advice of the National Arboretum to cut down and remove the Magnolia because the trunk was in an extremely fragile condition and the supports had been compromised. 'Southern Charm' is a dwarf form that grows into a bushy shrub with a pyramidal shape up to 20-25 ft high and 10 ft wide. He did not select a type specimen. Udoypoddo (Bengali), Heemchapa (Bengali), Southern Magnolia (English). An Magnolia grandiflora in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné.An Magnolia grandiflora in nahilalakip ha genus nga Magnolia, ngan familia nga Magnoliaceae. Magnolia grandiflora is a very popular ornamental tree throughout its native range in the coastal plain of the Gulf/South Atlantic states. , The leaves are heavy and tend to fall year round from the interior of the crown and form a dense cover over the soil surface, and they have been used in decorative floral arrangements. The elegant cup-shaped white flowers are bold and come out in spring to summer. At best, Magnolia grandiflora is considered to be winter hardy to USDA Zone 6b and is not reliably winter hardy in the St. Louis area. In more sheltered habitats, it grows as a large tree, but can be a low shrub when found on coastal dunes. Upper side of leaves are dark green color, and under side is brownish. ABBREVIATION : MAGGRA SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : MAGR4 COMMON NAMES : southern magnolia evergreen magnolia bull-bay big-laurel large-flower magnolia TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for southern magnolia is Magnolia grandiflora L. . Magnolia grandiflora - Bull bay Native to the southern United States of America Magnolia grandiflora is a large, rounded evergreen shrub or tree with dense, glossy dark green, leathery oblong-elliptic leaves, often rusty brown beneath. p. 196-197. Common name: Southern Magnolia, Lily Tree, Laurel Magnolia Regional name: Hindi - Himchampa, Andachampa, Bengali - Udaypadma, Manipuri - Oothambal  It grows on sand-hills in maritime forests, where it is found growing with live oaks and saw palmetto (Serenoa repens). Plant in moist, humus-rich soil. The leaves are large and deep green, but lack the brown. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin words grandis "big", and flor- "flower". At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts – a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. This is native to Southern part of American region, more specifically Florida, Texas, etc.  Most plants in nurseries are propagated by cuttings, resulting in more consistent form in the various varieties available. Magnolia Flower Color Meanings. In the Northern Hemisphere, the south side of the tree will experience more leaf damage than the north side. It is also espaliered against walls, which improves its frost-hardiness.. It's trunk is typically straight and erect with spreading branches that form a dense, broadly pyramidal crown. Long-flowering, it has oval leaves which lack the brownish hair underneath. If grown in St. Louis, it should be sited in a protected location. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA. 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' was developed by Ray Bracken of Easley, South Carolina, in the late 1960s and patented in 1985. Many broadleaved evergreen trees are known as bays for their resemblance to the leaves of the red bay (Persea borbonia), with this species known as the bull bay for its huge size or alternatively because cattle have been reported eating its leaves. Upper side of leaves are dark green color, and under side is brownish. A slow growing evergreen with a compact round growth habit.  The timber is known simply as magnolia. You guessed it: white. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Appearing before bees did, the flowers are theorized to have evolved to encourage pollination by beetles. Magnolia grandiflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Once established, 'Edith Bogue' has been known to have only minor spotting and margin burn on the leaf in temperatures as low as −5 °F (−21 °C). Lumber from all three species is simply called magnolia, which is used in the construction of furniture, boxes, pallets, venetian blinds, sashes, and doors and used as veneers. Suggested uses. Around 50% of seeds can germinate, and they are spread by birds and mammals. Architectural, City, Low Maintenance. In modern Paganism and Wicca, colors of flowers are used in spells for petitioning certain goddesses. Magnolia grandiflora, commonly known as the southern magnolia or bull bay, is a tree of the family Magnoliaceae native to the southeastern United States, from Virginia to central Florida, and west to East Texas.  Despite preferring sites with increased moisture, it does not tolerate inundation. Variety or Cultivar 'Exmouth' _ 'Exmouth' is a large evergreen tree with large, fragrant cream flowers from mid-spring to early autumn. Flowers are cup shaped with 6-12 spoon shaped waxy petals generally bloom on a mature tree during spring. Over 150 cultivars have been developed and named, although only 30 to 40 of these still exist and still fewer are commercially propagated and sold.  Many older cultivars have been superseded by newer ones and are no longer available. Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759, basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller.  It was reputedly planted as a seedling taken from Jackson's plantation, The Hermitage in Tennessee. 'Ferruginea' has dark-green leaves with rust-brown undersides. It is the only evergreen magnolia and typically grows to 60 to 80 feet tall with a pyramidal to rounded crown, a spread of 20 to 40 feet wide, and a trunk diameter of 3 feet. The most popular color? Grown for its attractive, shiny green leaves and fragrant flowers, it has a long history in the southern United States. Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae.It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol.. Magnolia is an ancient genus. A tree or shrub in any species of the genus Magnolia, many with large flowers and simple leaves. Halls, L. K. 1977. It bears fragrant, creamy/white, slightly scented cup-shaped flowers up to 30 cm in diameter in late summer and early autumn followed by red/brown cones. Although endemic to the evergreen lowland subtropical forests on the Gulf and south Atlantic coastal plain, magnolia grandiflora is widely cultivated in warmer areas around the world. Once established, the plants are drought tolerant, and the most drought tolerant of all the Magnolia species. , Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759, basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller. Antimicrobial activity of phenolic constituents of magnolia grandiflora L. Alice M. Clark, Arouk S. El-Feraly, Wen-Shyong Li, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, August 1981, Volume 70, Issue 8, pages 951–952. Copyright © 2021 MMDDL, BCSIR Laboratories Chittagong, 3,5'-Diallyl-2'-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 4,5-Epoxy-1(10)E,11(13)-germacradien-12,6-olide, 6alpha,11-Dihydroxy-12,13-diacetoxyelem-1,3-diene, 4alpha,6alpha,10alpha-Trihydroxy-13-acetoxyguaia-11-ene, 12,13-diacetoxyguaia-4alpha,6alpha,10alpha,11-tetraol, 4,5-Epoxy-13-methoxy-1(10)-germacren- 12,6-olide, 4,5-Epoxy-13-acetoxy-1(10)-germacren-12,6-olide. Flowering is followed by the rose-coloured fruit, ovoid polyfollicle, 7.5–10 cm (3–3 7⁄8 in) long, and 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) wide. Originally developed in 1952 by Steed's Nursery in. The leaves of this Magnolia are dark green, leathery and glossy with hairy rust colored undersides. D, 1984, Flora of Maharastra State Dicotyledones, Vol I, Lakshminarasimhan P. & Prasanna P. V, 2000, Flora of Kolhapur District ... Magnolia grandiflora L. . Magnolia grandiflora 'Exmouth' Other names. This plant is a medium to tall growing evergreen plant.  It is killed by summer fires, and is missing from habitats that undergo regular burning. Magnolia grandiflora is a magnificent, evergreen tree with a dome of dense, glossy, green, leathery leaves that are rusty tomentose underneath. The flowers which appear from summer to autumn are very large hence the name 'grandiflora'. Cultivation. 15 Garg, S. and Kumar, S. (1999) Volatile constituents from the flowers of Magnolia grandiflora L. from Lucknow, India. , Magnolia grandiflora is most commonly known as southern magnolia, a name derived from its range in the Southern United States. Mga kasarigan. Magnolia Grandiflora Pruning. 'Angustifolia', developed in France in 1825, has narrow, spear-shaped leaves 20 cm (7.9 in) long by 11 cm (4.3 in) wide, as its name suggests.  The leaves contain coumarins and sesquiterpene lactones. It was the oldest tree on the White House grounds and was so famous that it was for decades pictured on the back of the $20 bill as part of a view of the South Front. 'Exmouth' was developed in the early 18th century by John Colliton in Devon.  The leaves have a waxy coating that makes them resistant to damage from salt and air pollution. Many large and very old specimens can be found in the subtropical port cities such as Houston, TX; New Orleans, LA; Mobile, Alabama; Jacksonville, FL; Savannah, GA; Charleston, SC; and Wilmington, NC. The leaves are green above and brownish underneath. and Wang, H.-w. (2008) Extraction of the Volatile Oil from the Leaves of Magnolia grandiflora L with Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Its Component Analysis. Commercially cultivated throughout the country. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin words grandis "big", and flor- "flower". , Southern magnolias are native to the Southeastern United States, from Virginia south to central Florida, and then west to East Texas. The species is also cultivated as far north as coastal areas of New Jersey, Connecticut, Long Island, NY, and Delaware, and in much of the Chesapeake Bay region in Maryland, and eastern Virginia. A native or resident of the American state of Mississippi. Botanical name: Magnolia grandiflora Family: Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family) Magnolia, a native of the southeastern US, is one of the most magnificent of the fragrant trees. Erect in habit, it is often planted against walls. Common Name : Southern magnolia.  In the eastern United States, it has become an escapee, and has become naturalized in the tidewater area of Virginia and locally in other areas outside of its historically natural range. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. 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