The Importance of Photosynthesis and Respiration Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat: Photosynthesis is the process in which certain life forms are able to use sunlight to create energy. In fact, it is the energy currency of living organisms. 1- Respiration is a process in which an organism inhale oxygen in order to break the food into soluble substances. Thus, this summarizes the difference between respiration and photosynthesis. It is the most important chemical reaction on our planet. Plants and animals contribute… Autotrophs, such as plants, produce glucose using the carbon in carbon dioxide. Respiration is a catabolic process that burns food in order to produce ATP. Define respiration and explain why it is important. 4. Part of their importance is that without either, we could not exist. The ATP is used for all the processes that occurs within the cell. “Introduction to Cellular Respiration and Redox.” Khan Academy, Khan Academy, Available here. Summary. The efficiency of the entire process of the photosynthesis varies around 3 – 6%. “2503 Cellular Respiration” By OpenStax College – Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site, Jun 19, 2013. Respiration is a biochemical process that converts food into energy with oxygen, and it takes place inside the cells of all living beings. In eukaryotes, respiration takes place in mitochondria while photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts. Our online photosynthesis and cellular respiration trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top photosynthesis and cellular respiration quizzes. Photosynthesis The process of photosynthesis is a chemical reaction. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Photosynthesis produces the oxygen to replenish oxygen that is used up by living organisms during respiration. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Comparing Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Cellular Energy Chapter 8 Process Reactants Products Energy Involved Photosynthesis carbon dioxide, water glucose, oxygen input of radiant energy (sunlight) Cellular Respiration glucose, oxygen carbon dioxide, water release of chemical energy (ATP) 18. 3. Respiration and photosynthesis are biological reactions in the environment that complement each other. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are extremely important biological processes needed by organism, to carry out their life process. Therefore, respiration is the main way of obtaining energy, which is vital to maintain all the biological processes. Explain the importance of transpiration to plants. This energy is released during cell activities of the organism. However, photosynthesis stores the energy of sunlight in the form of chemical energy in sugar and starch molecules while cellular respiration breaks down organic compounds such as sugar and starch in order to produce energy in the form of ATP (energy currency). All living cells in plants, animals and humans take part in cellular respiration in one form or another. Both are similar reactions that occur in a … Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Carbon dioxide, oxygen, glucose and water play major roles in both processes. Photosynthesis and Respiration NOMUSA KHUZWAYO 2. Most importantly, photosynthesis maintains the global CO2 level at a low level and improves the O2 level of the atmosphere. “What Is Photosynthesis?” LiveScience, Purch, 15 Oct. 2018, Available here. THE SUN: MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR LIFE ON EARTH 4. 2. demonstrate the role of light in photosynthesis; 3. explain the process of cellular respiration; and 4. compare photosynthesis and cellular respiration. What is Respiration Cellular Respiration is a process that occurs in the mitochondria of all organisms. 10. List four factors that affect the rate of respiration. In this process, glucose is broken down into carbon dioxide and water and release energy in the form of ATP. List four factors that affect the rate of respiration. Respiration and photosynthesis are two of the most important processes of life. using our fun classroom quiz game Quizalize and … Photosynthesis. 1. 1. Moreover, both processes are globally important in order to maintain CO2 and O2 levels. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Respiration and photosynthesis are two important biochemical processes occurring in living organisms. Both the processes are inter-related, and serve one another. Energy is the basic source an individual needs for the survival of life. Respiration and Photosynthesis are two of the processes, which revolve around the concepts of storage of energy and release of energy. This process is called photosynthesis and it occurs in the chloroplast of the plant cell. Moreover, a further difference between respiration and photosynthesis is the place where it occurs. Photosynthesis makes the glucose that is used in cellular respiration to make ATP. Quiz your students on Short Quiz in Science 9 differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration. At the end of the aerobic respiration, it produces a net amount of 38 ATP molecules from one glucose molecule (C6H12O6). 6. Therefore, this is also a significant difference between respiration and photosynthesis. Respiration and photosynthesis are two of the most important processes of life. 2. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is the released oxygen that is used by us and most other organisms for cellular respiration. Inputs: Why Is Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Important? The light reaction involves Z-scheme and water photolysis while the dark reaction involves Calvin cycle and carbon concentrating mechanisms. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 6. Both these processes are dependent on each other; animals feed on fruits produced by plants to obtain … 2. Respiration occurs in the mitochondria while photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts. 2. What is Photosynthesis Hence, it could be stated that respiration produces energy by burning the foods inside cells. Short answer: See Wikipedia articles Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. 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Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration (An Introduction), The Role of Light and Growth Regulators in Seed Germination, ATP, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration, Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration Notes New, Power Point 5.1: Cell Energy (Photosynthesis & Respiration), No public clipboards found for this slide, Photosynthesis and respiration powerpoints. The entire process of aerobic respiration involves four major steps: glycolysis, citric acid cycle (Krebs cycle), oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate, and oxidative phosphorylation. Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast of the cells of plants, green algae, and cyanobacteria. Generally, the rate of respiration is less than that of photosynthesis. Additionally, respiration utilizes oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide produced during respiration is one of … Photosynthesis and respiration powerpoints 1. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration burns food and produces energy while photosynthesis produces foods by capturing the sunlight. Carbon dioxide (CO2) reacts with water (H2O) in the presence of sunlight to form glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen (O2). These two fascinating processes are different from each other in many ways as discussed in this article. It takes place only in the presence of light. 3. The module is divided into three lessons, namely: • Lesson 1 – Photosynthesis • Lesson 2 – Respiration • Lesson 3 – Basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration After going through this module, you are expected to: a. Differentiate photosynthesis and cellular respiration; b. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Respiration and photosynthesis are two extremely important biochemical processes occurring in living organisms. 4. In contrast, photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen. Aerobic respiration process uses oxygen as the final electron acceptor while anaerobic respiration takes place in the absence of oxygen and makes use of other chemicals such as sulphur compounds to generate energy. Vidyasagar, Aparna. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. “Simple photosynthesis overview” By Daniel Mayer (mav) – original imageVector version by Yerpo – Own work (CC BY-SA-4.0) via Commons Wikimedia. 3. 1. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } In addition, carbon dioxide is involved in both these processes, but at different places. 3. Primarily, one of these processes converts the unusable energy into food while the other process makes a serviceable form of energy from that stored food. But, photosynthesis takes place only in photoautotrophs such as plants, algae and cyanobacteria. 5. They know that respiration is one of the seven life processes of living things. The breathing process keeps us alive and photosynthesis provides us oxygen to breathe in. Photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water. All rights reserved. Photosynthesis and Respiration Most importantly, photosynthesis releases oxygen and maintains the carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere. Curriculum Information. 5. Processes in photosynthesis are divided on basis of requirement of sunlight while respiration processes are divided on basis of requirement of oxygen. Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. Write the chemical equation for photosynthesis and explain it. In respiration, the biochemical energy of food transforms into adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and carbon dioxide as a result of the utilization of oxygen. Define respiration and explain why it is important. 5 and 6. In brief, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are processes of converting a source of energy into chemical or biochemical energy which can be used by an organism to fuel certain activities. Glucose and Pyruvate Electrons ATP (Energy) Phosphorylation Carbon Dioxide Water Inputs and Outputs of Cellular Respiration: Outputs: Outputs: Oxygen Excess sugar Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis produces the oxygen 4. 1. 2- Respiration takes place in both plants and animals. While photosynthesis requires carbon dioxide and releases oxygen, cellular respiration requires oxygen and releases carbon dioxide. (CC BY 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia They have also been introduced to photosynthesis in the context of green plants and food chains in Gr. 5. In other words, we can say that they are the similar sort of reactions occurring in reverse. 2. It is important to notice that the respiration process is either aerobic or anaerobic depending on the involvement of oxygen in the process. Light energy is changed to the biochemical energy of sugar and other organic compound and oxygen are released during this process. 1. PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is a processes by which plants convert light energy to chemical energy. Explain how light and dark reactions differ. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Explain the importance of … Photosynthesis - Photosynthesis - Structural features: The intricate structural organization of the photosynthetic apparatus is essential for the efficient performance of the complex process of photosynthesis. Cellular respiration and photosynthesis are critical in the continued cycle of energy to sustain life as we define it. > What are the different basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration? The end products of photosynthesis are carbohydrates and oxygen. Education Type ... Differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration It takes place only in the cells containing chlorophyll. 2. Similarities Between Respiration and Photosynthesis The Importance of Photosynthesis and Respiration Explain how photosynthesis and respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat: Photosynthesis is the process in which certain life forms are able to use sunlight to create energy. 1. Photosynthesis and Respiration. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. In summary, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes occuring in living organisms in order to obtain energy. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Photosynthesis and Respiration The importance of photosynthesis can be understood with respect to our breathing process. The green colour of the chlorophyll in the chloroplast is responsible for capturing sunlight at the desired level for the process of activation of electrons. Plants release oxygen which is a by-product of photosynthesis, and we breathe in oxygen so that our cells can carry out cellular respiration and generate ATP. 1- Photosynthesis is the process in which an organism in take CO2, sunlight and water to make food. In contrast, photosynthesis is an anabolic process that produces foods. Carbon dioxide is the waste product and the main product ATP is the usable form of energy of organisms. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Photosynthesis: 1. However, the recent anthropogenic activities have detrimental effects on the photosynthetic purification of CO2 in the atmosphere. Explain photosynthesis and its importance. Explain photosynthesis and its importance. 2. However, it depends mainly on the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, light intensity, and temperature. Both have several stages in which the creation of energy occurs, and have varied relationships with organelles located within the eukaryotic cell. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in plants, algae and cyanobacteria. Side by Side Comparison – Respiration vs Photosynthesis in Tabular Form He has more than ten years of diverse experience as a Zoologist and Environmental Biologist. 2- Photosynthesis … Explain how light and dark reactions differ. 6. The chloroplast is enclosed in a double outer membrane, and its size approximates a spheroid about 2,500 nm thick and 5,000 nm long. 4. differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and respiration (S9LT-lg-j-31 ) FORMATIVE Pre test Oral recitation Demonstration SUMMATIVE Unit test Week 9 Photosynthesis Respiration differentiate basic features and importance of photosynthesis and FORMATIVE Oral recitation . Learners have already looked at photosynthesis and respiration in previous grades. 5. The principal difference, however, between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water in the presence of … NOMUSA The processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration are complementary processes, meaning they work together to benefit living organisms. The cycle of photosynthesis and respiration maintains the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration is a biochemical process that utilizes oxygen and converts food into energy while photosynthesis is a process that produces carbohydrates and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. There are two major steps in photosynthesis: light reaction and dark reaction. Photosynthesis is the photochemical process in the green plants synthesize food or sugar by using sunlight in the presence of carbon dioxide, water and chlorophyll present in the green parts of the plants. KHUZWAYO. Overview and Key Difference Photosynthesis is the biochemical process that converts the energy of sunlight into organic compounds using carbon dioxide. The key difference between respiration and photosynthesis is that respiration is a biochemical process that utilizes oxygen and converts food into energy while photosynthesis is a process that produces carbohydrates and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. 3. Hence in photosynthesis you have the light dependent reactions and the dark reactions while in respiration there is aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration. A comprehensive database of photosynthesis and cellular respiration quizzes online, test your knowledge with photosynthesis and cellular respiration quiz questions. Also, respiration occurs in all living organisms. Write the chemical equation for photosynthesis and explain it. Naveen is a Doctoral Student in Agroforestry, former Research Scientist and an Environmental Officer. Sugars (glucose), amino acids, and fatty acids are amongst the highly used respiratory substrates in respiration. 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