The Danish breed-specific legislation attempted to target both dog-related and environment-related, though not victim/owner-related. The AVSAB’s position is that such legislation—often called breed-specific legislation (BSL)—is ineffective, and can lead to a false sense of community safety as well as welfare concerns for dogs identified (often incorrectly) as belonging to specific breeds.”. Exemption was possible after attending an especially developed test. Breed Specific Legislation. enforceability of BSL depends on ability to correctly identify targeted dogs. Read the second part to this series - Breed Specific Legislation: Our Position on BSL, 250 Riverbend Dr., Kitchener, ON N2B 2E9  (519) 745-5615  infokw@kwsphumane.ca. This Comment examines the reasons for breed-specific legislation and looks at some of the human factors behind the “breed” problem. Breed-specific Legislation videos and latest news articles; GlobalNews.ca your source for the latest news on Breed-specific Legislation . ... Research clearly shows that humans are poor at determining a dog’s breed based on appearance. While resources are directed to regulate the ban on a specific breed (or breeds), the focus is taken away from more important safety concerns and regulations. This document lists the states that prohibit the regulation of dogs by local governments based on breed, commonly known as breed-specific legislation. American Journal of Sociological Research, 3(2), 17-29. The article clearly states that "the appropriateness and effectiveness of breed-specific legislation in preventing dog bite fatalities and injuries is disputed" and then summarizes the different positions, along with references and URLs for anyone who wants to pursue the merits further, so … While this website does not contain every ordinance relating to BSL, it does contain many samples of how BSL can be constructed. Renters today face widespread landlord-imposed pet restrictions. It announced its decision last week in its response to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee’s (EfraCom’s) report ‘Controlling dangerous dogs’. This overview examines how states deal with foster care and other non-profit rescue organizations. You will see breed-discriminatory legislation (BDL) also referred to as breed-specific legislation (BSL). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1090023309003888 “Fatal dog attacks in Spain under a breed-specific legislation: A ten-year retrospective study” 2018. Part V shows how the insurance industry is a highly regulated industry which subjects itself to legislative control where, as here, the public is being harmed by underwriting decisions not driven by actuarial justification. Next, it explores the history of breed bans and their introduction into modern society – focusing in particular on the 1980’s media coverage of fatal dog attacks that spread fear and fueled the passage of BSL. An This article will focus primarily on the rescue and foster care issues. Back in 2013, President Barack Obama began a campaign to end this legislation in states and areas around North America, proudly announcing, “[The White House] does not support breed-specific legislation. This article will provide an overview of BSL ordinances by discussing 1) common breed definitions, 2) patterns in the regulations, and 3) common exceptions to the regulations. : A Closer Look at the Inequity of Iowa's Breed-Specific Legislation, Detailed Discussion of the Laws Regulating Rescue and Foster Care Programs for Companion Animals, Detailed Discussion of Local Breed-Specific Legislation, Detailed Discussion of Breed Specific Legislation, Brief Summary of Breed Specific Legislation, Breed-Specific Legislation in the United States, Breed Specific Legislation: Unfair Prejudice and Ineffective Policy, Breed Specific Legislation: The Gap in Emergency Preparedness Provisions for Household Pets, Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) Table of Related Cases, Attacking the Dog-Bite Epidemic: Why Breed-Specific Legislation Won't Solve the Dangerous-Dog Dilemma. The routine medical care for these dogs is on average $120-$185 per dog. The Public Safety Related to Dogs Statute Law Amendment Act, 2018 repeals provisions in the Animals for Research Act relating to the disposition of “pit bulls” under that Act.. We are plagued these days by superstitious zealots who prefer cranks to experts. As a charitable animal welfare organization, we are at the front line in enforcing and managing dogs that fall under Ontario’s Breed Specific Legislation. Next, this article addresses the scope of current emergency preparedness statutes. numerous Iowa communities. A: Breed-specific legislation (BSL), also referred to as breed-discriminatory legislation (BDL), is a law or ordinance that prohibits or restricts the keeping of dogs of specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds, mixes of specific breeds, and/or dogs presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. This part also provides a description and history of pit bull terriers, currently the most frequent target of breed-based laws. Breed Specific Legislation, i.e. Ultimately, any dog, regardless of breed, can be dangerous. We are only able to transfer these dogs when space is available within the receiving groups. Research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources.” * Further, there is a lot of within-breed genetic variation that suggests breed or the appearance of a breed are both bad targets for legislative action. Most importantly, the results of breed risk calculations did not match with the breeds legislated by the enacted breed-specific legislation”. Studies have shown that visual breed identification is highly unreliable, particularly for mixed breeds, even when carried out by experienced individuals such as veterinarians, trainers, and shelter workers.Voith, V. L., Trevejo, R., Dowling-Guyer, S., Chadik, C., Marder, A., Johnson, V., & Irizarry, K. (2013). The paper finally considers the current status of breed specific legislation. Spending this length of time in shelter also places large financial pressures on our organization. Breed specific ordinances have proven ineffective in reducing the... number of dog bites. This comment examines breed specific legislation--the unfortunate attempt of legislatures throughout the country to address the valid concern over vicious dog attacks by prohibiting or strictly regulating entire breeds, most often pitbulls. The author discusses the current state of breed-specific legislation (BSL) in several states, examining the efficacy of each law and the application to commonly assumed "dangerous breeds" of dogs. Part I of this article gives an overview of the problem: dog breed discrimination by insurers, as well as a related problem of breed-specific legislation by some states. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is usually a law or ordinance pertaining to a specific breed of dogs such as pit-bull type dogs.7 There are two general forms of BSL: specific restrictions and outright bans.9 Past evaluations of different forms of regulations have led to conclusions that BSL is ineffective in reducing dog-bite injuries of varying severities.10–14 However, methodological shortcomings such as … This link shows up in statutory definitions, is justified by social construction theory, and has been reified in case law. She filed a complaint to the Iowa Ombudman.The Iowa Ombudsman investigates complaints against Iowa state and local government agencies.The Iowa Ombudsman can investigate agency action and publish a report of findings and make recommendations. In … First it explores what breed-specific legislation actually is, and how it has developed in modern society. Guest Blog Post by Amanda Hawkins, Senior Manager of Animal Care. A breed ban, also known as breed specific … Costs related to the seizure of impounded of dogs. While some examples will be given here, a rescue organization or foster care provider should check the specific state and city laws where they are located. We see both behavioural and medical issues that develop, secondary to stress, as well as the emotional toll placed on staff and volunteers caring for these animals. Research Articles Additional Resources Aurora, CO Call To Action. Dog bite-related fatalities (DBRFs) are the result of a number of different factors and breed-specific legislation … “Any dog may bite, regardless of the dog’s size or sex, or reported breed or mix of breeds. These quick-fix statutes and ordinances have resulted in a variety of unintended negative side effects that far outweigh the laws’ utilities, yet these discriminatory and ineffective laws remain in place in the municipal codes of Sadly we do not even have the option of placing these dogs in foster homes while awaiting a permanent placement for them. The Problem with Breed Specific Legislation. Part III shows that breed discrimination and breed-specific legislation are opposed by most veterinary and animal groups. Share this page: Printable Version. American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. A scientific basis for breed specific lists does not exist. Therefore, for a dog that remains in the centre for the average 54 days and receives only preventative medical care, the cost to our organization is $2,075 per dog. Legislation that affects dogs also affects persons with disabilities to some extent. ... Research Center. "Breed-specific" legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. Overall, this finding is supportive of the growing body of research that indicates that breed specific legislation is not a successful approach to dealing with dog aggression issues [45, 46]. Governor Dennis Daugaard signed the bill on March 14, 2014. To prevent the tragedies that can occur when a dog attacks a human, legislation must take aim at the heart of the problem, the human owners that allow, through negligence or intentional mistreatment and training, these attacks to occur. Links to important articles and reports on Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) in the United States: Breed-Specific Legislation FAQ DogsBite.org, a national dog bite victims’ group dedicated to reducing serious dog attacks, releases a Breed-Specific Legislation FAQ on its website. This Article examines the pseudo-science used in the past, the science we have today, and how “pit bulls” are among the more popular breeds adopted from animal shelters safely living in communities nationwide, yet are targeted with specific legislation in many municipalities. Merritt Clifton’s quackery is the research underlying breed specific legislation across North America. This means that many of these dogs are spending very long periods of time within the shelter waiting for transfer. Part IV demonstrates that insurers have been ignoring the unique and special role that pets play in millions of American homes. South Dakota and Utah to be the 17th and 18th states to preempt breed-specific legislation. He was flanked by long-time supporter of the repeal and passionate animal welfare advocate, MPP […] Scientific studies, veterinary, canine, and public safety experts agree that BSL (breed-specific legislation) and breed-based bans are ineffective and a waste of public resources. It details how states define such organizations and what laws may affect their operations. Given this aspect, it is also unsurprising that the breed-specific legislation seems to have been ineffective. Pit bulls are being banned, confiscated and killed based on numbers that have no demonstrable foundation in reality. By Georgina Mills The government has commissioned research to examine the effectiveness of current dog control measures, but says it will not entertain breed-specific legislation. The paper also discusses potential legal issues that arise with pet rescue and fostering. This part argues that dangerous-dog laws are a more effective, albeit imperfect, solution to the problem and proposes non-breed-based supplemental legislation that can be enacted to reduce the public threat posed by dangerous dogs. Part II analyzes the major scientific studies on dog bites, showing that no one has adequately proven that some breeds are more inherently dangerous than others. Pit Bull Bans: The State of Breed–Specific Legislation. Thus, it is important to examine statutes like Ontario’s pit bull legislation (OPBL) in terms of their potential impact on persons with disabilities. As homeownership drops and renting becomes more prevalent across the United States, landlord-imposed pet restrictions increasingly constrain choices, effectively reducing access to housing for many Americans. It argues that instead of targeting specific breeds, municipalities should enforce existing animal control laws and punish the human behavior that leads to dog attacks. Part II examines common criticisms and concerns that accompany each type of law, and provides an overview of additional legislation that has been enacted to reduce the number of dog bites and attacks. 19 Sept. 2013. Finally, this article attempts to address the issues that are bound to arise in the future. Breed-specific laws are well intentioned, but the fear and urgency driving their enactment has led to questionable craftsmanship by lawmaking bodies. However, once jurisdictions were used as their own controls in a pre/post comparison of incidence of dog-bite hospital admissions, there was no significant reduction in hospitalisations after breed-specific legislation was enacted [ 15 ]. Breed-specific legislation seeks to protect the public by limiting or regulating the ownership of what are deemed to be aggressive or dangerous dog breeds. - City Attorney’s Office, Topeka, Kansas Why BSL Is … Press Release On November 21, 2019 at the Toronto Humane Society (THS), MPP Rick Nicholls announced he has tabled a Private Members Bill (PMB) to repeal Breed Specific Legislation in the Dog Owners Liability Act and Animals for Research Act. In 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at twenty years of data about … Abstract Beginning in July 2000 legislation in Lower Saxony restricted the keeping of bull terriers, American Staffordshire terriers, pit bull terriers, and 11 other breeds. N.p., 2009. These policies particularly impact low-income families and those with socially-maligned dog breeds. Further, it contains no reference to dogs used by persons with disabilities. Breed specific legislation... has generally been discredited in actual experience of cities, professionals and academic research as being both ineffective and expensive. We don't support breed-specific legislation -- research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources. This paper first examines the anatomy of a typical breed ban and outlines which dogs are restricted and what tests are used to identify them. The average daily cost of housing a dog in our shelter is $35. The laws are divided into two general categories: (1) states that prohibit breed-specific legislation (BSL) in all animal regulation (9 states); and (2) states that only prohibit BSL in dangerous/vicious dog laws (15 states). When a citizen's dog was considered to be a pit bull mix, she was ordered to remove the animal from the city. Inadequate socialization, improper training and being unsterilized are key factors in the development of aggressive behaviour. Read this Social Issues Research Paper and over 89,000 other research documents. Breed-specific legislation (BSL) is a law or ordinance that regulates or completely bans the keeping of dogs of or presumed to be specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds and/or dogs which are or presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. A breed ban, also known as breed specific legislation or “BSL” are all names for an ordinance that restricts ownership or possession of certain identified breeds of dogs. The longest stay was 141 days. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is created when a municipality or a county believes a certain breed of dog poses a hazard to the public health, safety, and welfare. In total, there are. Additional medical treatments increase costs significantly. This site is not a law firm and cannot offer legal advice. This table provides links to cases involving BSL (breed-specific legislation). Spending this length of time housed in a shelter has definite welfare implications for these animals. Previous studies have shown that between 20 and 33% of all attacks are on family members [1, 7, 22]. Part I of this Note examines the growing problem of dog bites and dog-bite related deaths ("canine homicides") through statistical analysis. As for the general public, putting the focus on breed specific legislation may actually hurt safety as a whole. © 2020 Michigan State University College of Law. Comparison of visual and DNA breedidentification of dogs and inter-observer reliability. All Rights Reserved, Spay Neuter Assistance Program (KW Residents), Resources: Emergency Preparedness for Pet Owners, Breed Specific Legislation: Our Position on BSL. On average, these dogs were housed in the shelter for 54 days prior to transfer. Upon investigation, the author concludes BSL is not an effective means of regulating canine behavior in communities. An alternative to breed-specific legislation is to regulate individual dogs and owners on the basis of their behavior.” The National Canine Research Council claims, “There is no scientific evidence that one kind of dog is more likely than any other to injure a human being. The article will also discuss the constitutionality of these ordinances, focusing on how they meet due process requirements. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) are set laws that licenses particular breeds of dogs as well as restricting or total banning of others specific breeds. This article provides a brief summary of breed-specific legislation and the legal challenges to such laws. This means that there is potential for persons with disabilities to suffer negative consequences and a need to consider disability rights in dog-focused legislation. Consequently, pet-owning renters often struggle to find suitable places to live and end up compromising on quality, location, and safety. Finally, Part III concludes that breed-specific legislation is an ineffective and inefficient means of combating the dog-bite epidemic. This Note proposes a reform to Iowa’s existing breed-specific legislation which would eliminate the inequalities of the current laws and preserve the power of municipalities to remedy public safety concerns. At the same time, Americans increasingly view their pets as family members, and many do not see giving up their animals as an option when looking for housing. This article examines the gap in the legislation and explore how this dilemma has come to pass. BSL is a misnomer, though, because there is nothing specific about this legislation. Breed specific legislation (BSL) is legislation that prohibits or restricts the keeping of dogs of specific breeds, dogs presumed to be specific breeds, mixes of specific breeds and/or dogs presumed to be mixes of one or more of those breeds. targeting a particular breed such as American Pit Bull Terriers, has generally been discredited in actual experience of cities, professionals and academic research as being both ineffective and expensive.” — City Attorney’s Office, Topeka, Kan. National Canine Research Council When Fido is Family: How Landlord-Imposed Pet Bans Restrict Access to Housing, The Post-Conviction Remedy for Pit Bulls: What Today’s Science Tells Us About Breed-Specific Legislation, The Case Against Dog Breed Discrimination by Homeowners' Insurance Companies, Pit Bull Bans and the Human Factors Affecting Canine Behavior, Overview of the Laws Regulating Rescue and Foster Care Programs for Companion Animals, Overview of Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) Ordinances, Investigation of Maquoketa's Pit Bull Ban Ordinance and Enforcement, Dog-Focused Law's Impact on Disability Rights: Ontario's Pit Bull Legislation as a Case in Point, Does Every Dog Really Have Its Day? Upon close examination, it appears that the legislation suffers from vague definitions, conflicting onus of proof, absence of fair process, and severe penalties, including imprisonment. This is one of the publications regarding Maquoketa's Pit Bull Ban Ordinance. Since 2005, breed-specific legislation (BSL) has been in place in the city of Aurora, CO impacting dogs labeled as "pitbulls" which includes American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Because breed-specific legislation targets an entire population of family pets based on breed, this Article argues for a better examination of the reliability of breed identification and the science used to uphold the constitutionality of the legislation. We are open for business but restricting access to the building.Any visits, including adoptions needs to be by appointment only. First of all, it’s often difficult to identify a dog’s breed simply by looking at him or … Additionally, these dogs receive routine vaccinations, parasite control, spay/neuter procedures, and treatment for any existing or new medical concerns that arise. This study rejects BSL. Instead of funding evidence-based programs (stricter enforcement of animal control by-laws & animal welfare legislation, publicly-funded low-cost spay/neuter services, school education programs, etc.) Overview of Breed Specific Legislation. Some of the types of laws that impact companion animal rescue and foster care organizations include legislative definitions, licensing, sterilization and vaccination, pet limit laws, zoning and nuisance laws, tethering laws, Breed Specific Legislation (or BSL), tort liability, and reimbursement for medical care in cruelty cases. Breed Specific Legislation or “BSL” is a law that either bans or restricts ownership of certain dogs based on their appearance. Web. Breed Specific Legislation: Our experience & research. South Dakota has passed a bill to protect pets and people by preventing local governments from enacting legislation that regulates dog ownership based on a dog's breed or breed mix. Some city/municipal governments have enacted breed-specific laws, as has the State of Ohio. Comparing the results of golden retrievers and breeds affected by the legislation, no significant difference was found. Breed Neutral Legislation that treats all dogs equally and puts the onus of responsibility on the dog’s owner. Distinguished from criminal eyewitness identification cases, this Article looks at the breed-specific legislation issue in terms of the entire breed being convicted on eyewitness testimony, not on a case-by-case basis like we see in criminal cases. Campbell, Dana M. "Pit Bull Bans: The State of Breed–Specific Legislation." This Comment concludes that laws addressing human behavior, rather than breed bans, are a better long-term solution to further public safety and animal welfare. Centre Hours:M-F: 9:00am-5:00pm Sat-Sun: 10:00am-4:00pm, Adoption Hours: M-F: 11:00am-4:00pm by Appointment Only Sat-Sun: 11:00am-3:00pm by Appointment Only, *Closed statutory and civic holidays*Closed the last Wed of each month until 1pm for staff training (Jan-June, Sept-Nov), 125 Griffith Rd, Stratford, ON N5A 6S4  (519) 273-6600  infosp@kwsphumane.ca, Centre Hours: Mon-Fri: 10:00am-4:00pm Sat-Sun: Closed to the Public, Adoption HoursM-F: 10:00am-3:00pm by Appointment OnlySat-Sun: Closed to the Public, *Closed statutory and civic holidays*Closed the last Wed of each month until 1pm for staff training (Jan-June, Sept-Nov), © 2021 Humane Society. For more information on your city's or county's ordinances, please contact the city or county of interest. Conversely, research has observed some reductions in dog bites in a municipality following the enactment of breed-specific legislation . It is discrimination against people. 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